Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the author of '200 Years Together' (Banned in the US) and noble peace prize winner states:
I avoid exactly that which your question implies: I do not call for any sort of scorekeeping or comparisons between the moral responsibility of one people or another; moreover, I completely exclude the notion of responsibility of one nation toward another. All I am calling for is self-reflection. You can get the answer to your question from the book itself: Every people must answer morally for all of its past—including that past which is shameful. Answer by what means? By attempting to comprehend: How could such a thing have been allowed? Where in all this is did we go wrong? And could it happen again?
It is in that spirit, specifically, that it would behoove the Jewish people to answer, both for the revolutionary cutthroats and the ranks willing to serve them. Not to answer before other peoples, but to oneself, to one’s conscience, and before God. Just as we Russians must answer—for the pogroms, for those merciless arsonist peasants, for those crazed revolutionary soldiers, for those savage sailors.
When we refer to these Jews; the ideological Bolshevik kind (bolshevik gentile alike), we should not absorb their thuggish and brutal ideology with the meek and peaceful of Judaism, practicing or non-practicing. Just as we should not generalize the white terror with their pogroms and oppression of the Jews with all of Christianity.
To keep in Mind: Jews, in Russia at the time were a subet of the population, less than 2%.
Russification was the forced cultural assimilation of non-russian societies. Russification was conducted well before the 1917 October Revolution in imperial Russia as well as during the reign of Stalin in the Soviet Union after the Bolshevik purges. The Russian language replaced Yiddish and other languages as the main language of many Jewish communities too.
'200 Years Together,' has finally been transcribed into english, which was surpressed by nearly every publishing company in the US. Reading '200 Years Together' the reader will discover that most bolsheviks were not Zionists per say, many considered themselves atheistical Jews, who didn't adhere to Israel as their nationstate for the Jewish Diaspora. You could consider them Internationalist Jews but not Jews of a collective ideology. And, I want to make that point. That many Jews in the political organizations of Russian during the Bolshevik reign were, indeed executed by their own kind, if it meant not adhereing to the principles of the revolution.
Stalin's geneology and even Hitler's, is interesting because there's a possibility both more Jewish. 1/4 to 1/2 Stalin and Hitler possibly completely Jewish. Miles Mathis has a great research article on it and if anyone is interested he'd send you the information by email concerning these geneologies. I find it interesting in Stalin's writings that he loathed Zionists. Of course he purged many of the bolsheviks later on, but the majority of Bolsheviks did not adhere to the Zionist ideology. It should be noted that Hitler worked with some of the top Zionist officals at the World Zionist Organization, those Zionists in their writings and speeches, also made it clear that the National Socialist ideology is no different than the Zionist ideology, on the basis that, intermaraige of other races is frowned upon by both the National Socialists as well as the Jewish Zionists and likewise each wants his own ethnostate. Many of those who surrounded Hitler, initially, were also Jewish (again, not generalizing all Jewish ideology as the same as the Jews who surrounded Hitler).
That being said most of the Bolsheviks, especially in the Cheka were ruthless thugs. The Red Terror and the Bolshevik political repression was comparable if not worse than the White Terror by the White Army (Russian and non-Russian groups opposed to Bolshevik rule, many of them being ethnic Russian Christians). The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police) carried out the repressions of the Red Terror. They would go into middle class neighborhoods killing thousands of people in their homes; Christians, Catholics, and anyone who didn't adhere to their revolution. The total number of victims of repression and pacification campaigns could be 1.3 million, whereas another gives estimates of 28,000 executions per year from December 1917 to February 1922. The most reliable estimations for the total number of killings put the number at over 100,000, whereas others suggest a figure of 200,000 and over.
The Bolsheviks were funded and supported by wealthy Jews out of London and New York. One of them being Jacob Schiff. He expressed regrets, that he could not attend and then described the successful Russian revolution as
"...what we had hoped and striven for these long years". (Mayor Calls Pacifists Traitors, The New York Times, March 24, 1917, p. 2)
President Woodrow Wilson was the fairy godmother, who provided Leon Trotsky with a passport to return to Russia to "carry forward" the revolution... (Antony C. Sutton, Ph. D.: Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, published by Arlington House in New Rochelle, NY, 1974, p. 25)
They played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years. Soviet historians, along with most of their colleagues in the West, for decades preferred to ignore this subject. The facts, though, cannot be denied.
With the notable exception of Lenin (1/2 - 1/4 Jewish) (Vladimir Ulyanov), most of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews. Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein) headed the Red Army and, for a time, was chief of Soviet foreign affairs. Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon) was both the Bolshevik party's executive secretary and -- as chairman of the Central Executive Committee -- head of the Soviet government. Grigori Zinoviev (Radomyslsky) headed the Communist International (Comintern), the central agency for spreading revolution in foreign countries. Other prominent Jews included press commissar Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), foreign affairs commissar Maxim Litvinov (Wallach), Lev Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Moisei Uritsky. Lenin himself was of mostly Russian and Kalmuck ancestry, but he was also one-quarter Jewish. His maternal grandfather, Israel (Alexander) Blank, was a Ukrainian Jew who was later baptized into the Russian Orthodox Church. A thorough-going internationalist, Lenin viewed ethnic or cultural loyalties with contempt. He had little regard for his own countrymen.
"An intelligent Russian," he once remarked.
"is almost always a Jew or someone with Jewish blood in his veins."
Duting Bolshevik Russia there were many massacres. However, when individuals state that a large majority of the Bolsheviks were not Jews, which the majority of them were, at least in the initial stages of the Bolshevik government before the Stalin purges, I show them this from the noble peace prize winners book, '200 Years Together.'
The Soviet Press provided a list of 556 important functionaries of the Soviet State (1918 - 1919)
...Which included 17 Russians, 2 Ukrainians, 11 Armenians, 35 Letts, 15 Germans, 1 Hungarian, 10 Georgians, 3 Poles, 3 Finns, 1 Czech, 1 Karaim (Jewish sect) -- and 457 Jews.
(81.3% of the Bolshevik Government was Jewish according to the list of 556 Functionaries of the Societ State between 1918-1919.)
THE GOVERNMENTS OF BOLSHEVIK RUSSIA
62 Members (42 Jews and 20 Gentiles) - 68%
EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION OF MOSCOW
36 Members (23 Jews and 13 Gentiles) - 64% most likely much higher.
THE COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLES COMMISSARS
22 Members (17 Jews and 5 Gentiles) - 77%
CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE BOLSHEVIK PARTY
Bronstein [Trotsky], Apfelbaum [Zinovieff], Lourie (Larine), Ouritski, Volodarski, Rosenfeldt ]Kamenef], Smidovitch, Sverdov [Yankel], Nakhamkes [Steklov], Lenin [Ulyanov]*
(The names in brackets are their real names).
Jews 10, Gentiles 2 (Krylenko, Lounatcharski). - 83%
There is some dispute as to Lenin's racial origins. It is known that he was married to a Jewess; spoke Yiddish as did his children.
"Lenin had taken part in Jewish student meetings in Switzerland thirty-five years before. He is generally regarded as a Russian but there is doubt." -- (Jewish Chronicle, December, 16th, 1932).
"Although Lenin was a political monster, he was no enemy of the Jews. He was aware of his partly Jewish origin, many of his close associates were Jews, he often spoke of Jews in favourable terms and he opposed anti-Jewish attitudes." (The London Times, Dec. 8, 1996, Section 7, page 2)
MENSHEVIKS: 11 Members, all Jews - 100%
COMMUNISTS OF THE PEOPLE: 6 Members, 5 Jews - 83%
S.R (RIGHT WING): 15 Members, 13 Jews - 87%
S.R (LEFT WING): 12 Members, 10 Jews - 83%
COMMITTEE OF THE ANARCHISTS: 5 Members, 4 Jews - 80%
POLISH COMMUNIST PARTY: 12 Members, all Jews - 100%
THE OTHER RUSSIAN SOCIALIST PARTIES ARE SIMILAR IN COMPOSITION
MINISTRY OF THE COMMISSARIAT 22 Members: 17 Jews, 5 Gentiles - 77%
CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 61 Members: 41 Jews, 20 Gentiles - 67%
Stalin might be a Jew based on geneologies, but he's not a Russian but a Caucasian. His Deputy however, is his father-in-law who is Jewish, Lazarus Mosessohn Kaganowitsch, who by Government decree enjoys full rights and privileges and is to all intents and purposes the Supreme Ruler. Kaganowitsch ensured that criteria for key positions in the Police Force, the Red Army, the Department of the Interior, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and in the Foreign Office, is to be of Jewish race.