"This is an eye-opening study of the largely neglected subject of Jewish crime and criminals in medieval Christian Europe. Apologists have ignored or denied a police blotter of cases -- thievery, fencing, assault, and murder, perpetrated by and on Jew[s]..." --Yale University
(p. 4) “European municipal, civic, and criminal records from the later Middle Ages, especially those of a more local nature, offer further indications of significant involvement of Jews in crime.”
(p. 5) “...Jewish crime was not just a figment of the medieval mind and its anti-Jewish biases. As such, it is a social phenomenon that needs to be addressed by historians.
(pp. 6-7) “Crime is another prism through which to view a society. The book before you is the product of a comprehensive research project that collected and analyzed evidence from an array of sources on medieval Jewish involvement in crime...”
(pp. 10-11) Jews had legal autonomy and jewish leaders and Jewish rabbinical courts for disputes with each other.
(p. 13) Oaths and immunity.
- Regulation 3: Do not steal from [and] do not lie to gentiles. No one, neither a priest [kohen] nor a layman, may steal or lie to gentiles, nor cheat them [lignov da‘atam, literally 'to steal their mind,' meaning to trick and deceive]."
"...the elders who issued the regulation did not stipulate any punishment or sanction against violators. Why they refrained from doing so is unclear. Another possibility is that this regulation was not truly meant to be enforced, but was rather enacted for the gentiles to see."