The Electric Vehicle Charging Problem (19:50) ~ Wendover Productions by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]IkeConn 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

Slot cars use rails for power. Open up Charging Lanes with power pickup "rails" of some type in the road and make the electric car drivers pay for using it.

The energy crunch is going to impact you and your family (34:34) ~ Peak Prosperity by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]IkeConn 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

We have TVA and a shitload of rivers. California may be fucked but we aren't.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

Just to play devil's advocate, that would look ugly. Also not sure if slowing the river down will have an impact.

It could look ugly or they could do something about it, from creating aesthetically pleasing industrial designs to covering them up to hiding them inside other things to changing the axis to redirecting some of the river's current to any number of things.

Yes, like wind turbines, for maximum effectiveness you'd want to space them out accordingly.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]AmericanMuskrat 3 insightful - 2 fun3 insightful - 1 fun4 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

lined with these devices

Just to play devil's advocate, that would look ugly. Also not sure if slowing the river down will have an impact.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 3 fun1 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 3 fun -  (0 children)

Mass produced, prefab, DIY, or janky rigged - I agree 10,000%.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]IkeConn 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

These should be all over the place in my area. We have really big creeks and a shitload of rivers. We also have really cheap TVA power.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 3 fun1 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 3 fun -  (0 children)

Thank you! Fantastic site.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]la_cues 3 insightful - 3 fun3 insightful - 2 fun4 insightful - 3 fun -  (0 children)

Ahah I love how they are getting torn apart in the replies. Fuck modern "technology".

Http://lowtechmagazine.com

I'll shill this site until the day I die.

A clean, innovative way to generate electricity from a river! by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 4 insightful - 3 fun4 insightful - 2 fun5 insightful - 3 fun -  (0 children)

If everyone can own a personal vehicle then there's absolutely no reason why the shores of any other riverfront cannot be lined with these devices - and have them on anchored barges too. The potential of Windsor/Detroit is astounding, sharing the same water flow as Niagara Falls, but without the maximum centralized control of that maximum power.

China Is Building a Thorium Molten Salt Reactor - Here's Why It Matters (18:05) ~ Anton Petrov by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]IkeConn 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

I hope they have better luck than the Russians.

Hackers Didn't Shut Down The Colonial Pipe Line, But CEO Did? (3:41) ~ Ben Swann by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]Touchngo 3 insightful - 2 fun3 insightful - 1 fun4 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

All these BS shortages are manufactured!

Vidalista 20: Buy Vidalista 20 mg Online | Tadalafil 20mg | Medsvilla by Amysmith in Energy

[–]nelsoncarter 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Tadalista professional 20 is a men's wellbeing medicine that dynamic contains Tadalafil used to treat erectile dysfunction issues. This medication is known for its fast activity system and exceptional sublingual type of tablet. This medication works in boosting up the blood flow and relaxing blood vessel blockages in the male erectile organ.

Questions They Don't Want You to Ask About the Global Power Outages (20:11) ~ Adapt 2030 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 2 fun1 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

I've been saying some of this for ages, including on SaidIt. I'll say it again.

Decentralize electricity production!

I live by the Detroit River, where the exact same water flows over Niagara Falls. Sure the falls have fast kinetic energy, but that same flow travels consistently for miles here with a serious width. Just as almost every house has a car, there's no reason it can't have a generator in the river, whether larger for many houses or small for a single home, whether floating at the surface, mid-level chained on a buoy, or carpeting much of the floor of the river. The Great Lakes is a great waterway, but it could be done to smaller scales for any stream or river.

I made another post in /s/Energy a while back describing how they could easily run a dedicated pipe/channel electric generator system across Essex County here where I live, as a shortcut avoiding the Detroit River between Lake St.Clair and Lake Erie. Sure it would require a huge initial expense but it would be a perpetual energy source. A pipe would work but a channel would obviously move much more water and generate much more electricity. The elevation difference is not tremendous, but the water force is, made even greater the wider channel is. The width of a road? The width of a football field? Plus - potential for more fish, wildlife, and other things, perhaps even more boating.

IMO, just as every home and workplace should have an indie-server, so too, we should all be generating our own power.

Additionally, thorium molten salt reactors should be commonplace too. The powers that be deny us liberty and independence.

Pretty sure we know where they got the idea ... by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]astronautrob 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

That thing is dope if we could all come to turns with our sexuality

Pretty sure we know where they got the idea ... by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]jykylsin2034 2 insightful - 3 fun2 insightful - 2 fun3 insightful - 3 fun -  (0 children)

Yeah no thanks I don't want big metal boners in my yard

Solar is Now ‘Cheapest Electricity in History’, Confirms IEA | World Economic Forum by [deleted] in Energy

[–]Earl_Harbinger 3 insightful - 2 fun3 insightful - 1 fun4 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

Yes, if we shift the real cost away via subsidies and additional output balancers, it becomes much cheaper.

6 OFF-GRID LIVING Inventions & Products #4 (10:19) ~ Cool Gadgets & Stuff by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 2 fun1 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

I would love to see them build a huge system of these turbines (as seen in the thumbnail image) along the southeast shore of Essex county where it would enter Lake Erie, after crossing at the shortest distance from Lake St. Clair (the Great Lake in the middle) across Tilbury and Essex County, Ontario, Canada in a man-made channel/canal/pipe with a drop of only 2 metres or 6 feet. This Essex County elevation map illustrates how the county is almost completely flat. There are already man-made ditches all over Essex county, so it's not an impossible task, but the only questions are financing and political will power. The financing should take care of itself soon enough via generated electricity, assuming they make the channel big enough to carry enough water for enough turbines. While it's obviously not the height of Niagara Falls, it is the same waterway. A bonus feature is that there is a robust electricity grid with the Detriot nuclear generating station and countless wind turbines were erected across Essex County - and driving along the 401 at night is spooky with their red aircraft warning lights pulsing like the heartbeat of the farming region.

A Milestone for Small Modular Reactors (SMR 2020) (8:31) ~ Subject Zero Science by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

I'd like to see more small modular water turbines. ALL of the water that flows over Niagara Falls also flows down the Detroit River. They could install THOUSANDS of small modular water turbines along the many miles of concentrated river. Sink them to the bottom, anchor them midway, and/or float them.

They could tie into the Windsor and/or Detroit power grids and right there along is also a the way is the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station which already has some infrastructure.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enrico_Fermi_Nuclear_Generating_Station

That's small stuff compared to building giant water turbines to harness the perpetual ocean currents off the coasts. Scottland is making progress with this.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_current

And then of course, if they can make small modular nuclear reactors then they can surely make modular thorium molten salt reactors.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molten_salt_reactor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_fluoride_thorium_reactor

A Milestone for Small Modular Reactors (SMR 2020) (8:31) ~ Subject Zero Science by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]hennaojichan 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

Whatever anyone thinks of nuclear electric generation, it seems the best alternative for the near future at least.

This boat makes its own hydrogen fuel from seawater. The Energy Observer is a 100% energy self-sufficient boat, sailing around the world to prove the usefulness of cutting-edge technologies, including a hydrogen fuel cell made with help from Toyota. by Chop_Chop in Energy

[–]mantra 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

No such thing. Energy is always conserved so it has to come from somewhere. Presumably the energy is actually from the solar cells. Based on the description it's super vague. The only point of legitimacy is that's Toyota parts are involved but it's not clear how much involvement they actually have.

Going to hydrogen is NOT going to be more energy efficient that simply saving power in lithium batteries.

How Drilling a 14 in. Hole Created a 1.3K ft Deep Saltwater Lake Out of a 10 ft Deep Freshwater One (7:13) ~ Today I Found Out by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–][deleted] 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

have those human sized Piranha popped out yet?

Filmmaker Josh Fox responds to Michael Moore on bombshell climate film (15:46) ~ The Hill by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

I don't buy into the climate change hysteria to manifest a global carbon tax scam, not unlike our current corona scam.

However I do agree that Big Oil needs to be decentralized.

Also, if you haven't watch Josh Fox's classic A+++ documentary Gas Land and it's sequel(s?).

Major Breakthrough: Graphene Batteries FINALLY Hit the Market (9:06) ~ ColdFusion by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]kokolokoNightcrawler 2 insightful - 2 fun2 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 2 fun -  (0 children)

Just the thing I was looking for

Charmian Gooch: Meet global corruption's hidden players (14:27) ~ TED by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Since watching the first TED Talk I've seen in ages, above, now YouTube is pushing TED virus talks on me.

Coronavirus Is Our Future | Alanna Shaikh | TEDxSMU (16:46)
~ TEDx Talks, 2020-03-11

Heather Brooke: My battle to expose government corruption (18:57)
~ TED, 2012-10-18

The next outbreak? We’re not ready | Bill Gates (8:36)
~ TED, 2015-04-03

Charmian Gooch: Meet global corruption's hidden players (14:27) ~ TED by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

This was in 2013, before that year's NDAA kicked into full effect.

I wonder what the status of the transparency is now?

A Free Nuclear Economy | Galen Winsor [1985] ~ LibertyInOurTime, 2012-06-27 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

See also:

The Nuclear Scare Scam | Galen Winsor ~ LibertyInOurTime, 2012-06-27 /s/Radiation/comments/qpm/the_nuclear_scare_scam_galen_winsor/

A Free Nuclear Economy | Galen Winsor [1985] ~ LibertyInOurTime, 2012-06-27 /s/Energy/comments/qq0/a_free_nuclear_economy_galen_winsor_1985/

Episode 512 Scott Adams: Pro-Nuclear Environmentalist and Expert Michael Shellenberger (Real Coffee with Scott Adams) by sawboss in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Nonsense.

This video was good but they didn't even delve into waste management - and the lack of any responsible political efforts to be wiser.

Though, thorium seems like it should be embraced. There are plenty of other alternatives "they" never want us to consider. These alternatives are decentralized and passive and all around us - currents.

Whether someone builds some giant ocean things to harness the perpetual ocean currents, whether we anchor barges with long turbines can be submerged and raised at will, or whether our rivers are lined with paddlewheels - there is an abundance of kinetic power out there that does not need to be centralized and controlled by "powers that be".

That's only on one front.

Power corrupts absolutely, so power is centralized absolutely.

If they were smart they'd embrace more alternatives and /s/hydrogen as a portable fuel instead.

Episode 512 Scott Adams: Pro-Nuclear Environmentalist and Expert Michael Shellenberger (Real Coffee with Scott Adams) by sawboss in Energy

[–]sawboss[S] 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

nuclear is the only feasible solution for the future unless we just decide to kill a few billion people

Episode 512 Scott Adams: Pro-Nuclear Environmentalist and Expert Michael Shellenberger (Real Coffee with Scott Adams) by sawboss in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell 3 insightful - 1 fun3 insightful - 0 fun4 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Show notes:


Guest: Michael Shellenberger, nuclear power expert, environmentalist

France: 75% nuclear powered, less pollution created, lower costs

Germany: No nuclear, 50% higher energy costs, more pollution

Sunless, windless days make those alternative possibilities unreliable

  • Both require batteries, lots and lots of batteries
  • Environmental cost of batteries
  • Unreliable producers of energy

Michael Shellenberger: We should stick with and develop light water cooled nuclear solutions, not Gen IV

Bill Gates has embraced Gen IV research and development

  • 12 startups are pursuing Gen IV technology

Nuclear energy is promoted as safer, cleaner than coal

  • Congressional support for development is bipartisan

Climate change people fear that more than nuclear concerns

  • If you’re pro-science, nuclear power is the best known answer
  • Solar and wind will NEVER provide world’s power needs

Episode 512 Scott Adams: Pro-Nuclear Environmentalist and Expert Michael Shellenberger (Real Coffee with Scott Adams) by sawboss in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Great post!

I'm sorry I missed this when you posted it.

Nice work on the sub graphics! :-) by Tom_Bombadil in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Thanks.

They're all here: https://infogalactic.com/info/SaidIt_banner_gallery

I'm a few behind and hope to do some for future subs too.

Didn't see this post before. I don't get notified on posts.

California to Randomly Shut off Power for Weeks at a Time ~ Zoon Politikon by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]hennaojisan 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Just when I tricked myself into thinking things could not get any weirder and now this. Sheesh.

Map: The Countries With the Most Oil Reserves by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]Tom_Bombadil 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

I doubt that this is accurate.

Abiotic oil has likely refilled the American sources. Strategic reserves.

Thorium: An energy solution - THORIUM REMIX 2011 ~ gordonmcdowell, 2011-10-04 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)


Show notes:

http://patreon.com/thorium Thorium is plentiful & can be used to generate energy without creating transuranic wastes. Thorium's capacity as nuclear fuel was discovered during WW II, but ignored because it was unsuitable for making bombs. A liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) is the optimal approach for harvesting energy from Thorium, and has the potential to solve today's energy/climate crisis. LFTR is a type of Thorium Molten Salt Reactor (Th-MSR). This video summarizes over 6 hours worth of thorium talks given by Kirk Sorensen and other thorium technologists.

THORIUM REMIX 2011 starts with a 5 minute TL;WL summary, to hold you over until you find your Ritalin. YouTube Closed Captioning is available in English, and many other languages.

To learn more about the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor visit: http://energyfromthorium.com/

See http://THORIUMREMIX.com/ for full list of multimedia source material.

Key YouTube video components:

Kirk Sorensen @ TEDxYYC - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2vzotsvvkw

Kirk Sorensen @ Protospace - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVSmf_qmkbg

_Kirk Sorensen @ MRU -_https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3rL08J7fDA

Kirk Sorensen @ TEAC3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-uxvSVIGtU

Kirk Sorensen @ Dr. Kiki Science Hour #84 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEpnpyd-jbw

After Fukushima: The Fear Factor - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVQ0NvEcyqw

Robert Hargraves @ TEAC3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BOoBTufkEog

Alexander Cannara @ TEAC3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aUVq81kBKyk

James Kennedy @ TEAC3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrDeB86YpV4

Q: What is thorium and what makes it special?

A: Thorium is a naturally-occuring mineral that holds large amounts of releasable nuclear energy, similar to uranium. This nuclear energy can be released in a special nuclear reactor designed to use thorium. Thorium is special because it is easier to extract this energy completely than uranium due to some of the chemical and nuclear properties of thorium.

Q: What is a liquid-fluoride reactor?

A: A liquid-fluoride nuclear reactor is different than conventional nuclear reactors that use solid fuel elements. A liquid-fluoride reactor uses a solution of several fluoride salts, typically lithium fluoride, beryllium fluoride, and uranium tetrafluoride, as its basic nuclear fuel. The fluoride salts have a number of advantages over solid fuels. They are impervious to radiation damage, they can be chemically processed in the form that they are in, and they have a high capacity to hold thermal energy (heat). Additional nuclear fuel can be added or withdrawn from the salt solution during normal operation.

Q: Are the salts safe?

A: Very safe. Unlike other coolants considered for high-performance reactors (like liquid sodium) the salts will not react dangerously with air or water. This is because they are already in their most stable chemical form. Their properties do not change even under intense radiation, unlike all solid forms of nuclear fuel.

Q: What is nuclear waste and how does a liquid-fluoride reactor address this issue?

A: So-called "nuclear waste" or spent-nuclear fuel is produced in conventional (solid-core) nuclear reactors because they are unable to extract all of the nuclear energy from their fuel before they have to shutdown. LFTR addresses this issue by using a form of nuclear fuel (liquid-fluoride salts of thorium) that allow complete extraction of nuclear energy from the fuel.

"Fluid Fuel Reactors", James A. Lane, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1958. http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/


Abstract : Coupling Integral Molten Salt Reactor Technology with Hybrid Nuclear/Renewable Energy Systems ~ Mr. John Kutsch, 2018-01-26 - Naval Postgraduate School by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

See also:

IMSR and Hybrid Nuclear/Renewable Energy Systems - John Kutsch at Naval Postgraduate School ~ Gordon McDowell, 2019-03-29 /s/Energy/comments/kpt/imsr_and_hybrid_nuclearrenewable_energy_systems/

IMSR and Hybrid Nuclear/Renewable Energy Systems - John Kutsch at Naval Postgraduate School ~ Gordon McDowell, 2019-03-29 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)


Show notes:

Coupling Integral Molten Salt Reactor Technology with Hybrid Nuclear/Renewable Energy Systems by John Kutsch for https://www.terrestrialenergy.com/

Presented at Naval Postgraduate School, Energy Academic Group, NPS Defense Energy Seminar. https://my.nps.edu/web/eag/2018-seminar-2

Terrestrial Energy USA is now working with Idaho National Laboratory to couple the IMSR to advanced industrial systems. Several systems have been designed and proposed. These can serve energy-intensive industries with stable heat and power for clean H2, O2 production, and by extension ammonia and methanol production. Desalination is also a very significant market sector for the IMSR heat and power.

IMSR has the potential to be a truly transformative energy technology, and when coupled to advanced industrial systems, IMSR enables new, truly transformative clean industries. The IMSR demonstrates that power generation systems designed explicitly for electricity generation are no longer a necessary constraint. Nuclear energy can provide new opportunities for variable renewable energy systems by allowing them to contribute to a common reservoir of thermal battery storage without stressing the grid system. The IMSR enables the idealized deep decarbonization desperately sought after by climate-conscious industrialists, such as Google-org.

In the Google.org experiment, the conclusion was finally drawn that carbon-free electricity was an exceedingly small fraction, compared to the behemoth fossil fuel power for transportation and industrial processes. The IMSR provides a new deployable system for low-cost carbon-free process heat energy, which can be used to produce a broad array of energy services, including electric power; hydrogen as an input for industrial chemicals production; steel, cement, and other primary materials; or synthetic fuels for the transportation sector. All of this can be achieved cost-competitively with fossil fuels, and at the lowest life cycle emissions rating of any power source.


Battery Powered Homes | Renewable Solar Energy Storage ~ ABC Science, 2016-02-02 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)


Show notes:

There's a power revolution heading for our homes – a device that allows you to take power into your own hands. Its batteries, home batteries, and they've been called the holy grail of renewables – the key to the transition away from fossil fuels.

Catalyst is Australia's flagship science documentary program, showcasing Australian and international stories that impact us all.


Near the end: Batteries in your walls and structurally part of high-rises and sky-scrapers! OMG!

Kirk Sorensen @ PROTOSPACE on Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors ~ gordonmcdowell, 2011-06-02 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)


Show Notes:

http://ThoriumRemix.com/ is a doc created (in part) from this footage. Watch "LFTR in 5 Minutes - THORIUM REMIX 2011" at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9M__yYbsZ4

When arriving in Calgary to present at TEDxYYC, Kirk Sorensen was immediately raced from his late arrival flight to MRU for a talk... and then straight to his second talk at PROTOSPACE!

http://protospace.ca

At PROTOSPACE, Kirk reviewed his interest in space, his work for NASA and his introduction to liquid fueled reactors. The talk itself ends with a long Q&A period, then a casual conversation about how reactor development could be crowdsourced.

This video is released by Gordon McDowell under a Creative Commons Share-Alike License.

If you are interested in LFTR, consider joining Facebook's https://www.facebook.com/EnergyFromThorium , if you are CANADIAN and interested in promoting this technology, also email me at gordonmcdowell@gmail.com

If you remix on YouTube, aside from a description hyperlink, please add an annotation hyperlink when PROTOSPACE footage is first cited.


TC No. 31 Richard Martin • Thorium Superfuel @ Googletalks ~ Keith Rodan, 2019-02-15 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)


Show notes:

WATCH FULL SCREEN: Richard Martin's book, "Thorium • Superfuel" was a harbinger of the 'nuclear renaissance' by bringing to the public the subject of thorium and molten salt reactor technology.

Thorium Community has added text and images to amplify the author's 2012 Googletalk presentation that covers many points from his study: nuclear power's decline today, due to lack of innovation, the rise of cheap fossil fuel, and the several nuclear accidents, the aftereffects of which paled in comparison with those of oil, coal and gas-related disasters.

Martin also offers a look at Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) technology, and the missed opportunity to develop MSRs over conventional reactors since their introduction in the 1960s.

Plus: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's short, "The Molten Salt Reactor Revival". PNNL, is a U.S. Department of Energy research facility in Washington state.


[Compilation of clips about] Thorium Disadvantages [And Solutions] ~ Gordon McDowell, 2017-08-06 by JasonCarswell in Energy

[–]JasonCarswell[S] 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Show notes:

Uranium-233 is a fissile isotope of uranium that is bred from thorium-232 as part of the thorium fuel cycle. Uranium-233 was investigated for use in nuclear weapons. Uranium-233 is produced by the neutron irradiation of thorium-232. Thorium-232 absorbs a neutron, becomes thorium-233, then quickly decays into protactinium-233. Protactinium-233 has a half-life of 27 days and before decaying into uranium-233.

This protactinium has a large cross-section and can absorb neutrons needed to sustain fission. Because uranium-233 releases so few neutrons in thermal-spectrum, and because 2 neutrons are needed to sustain a chain reaction, existence of protactinium would stop fission.

Protactinium-233 is a challenge unique to thorium reactors.

Low breeding ratio is a challenge unique to breeder reactors fueled by thorium, which operate in thermal-spectrum.

The 5,000 tpy figure of Thorium assumes a 50,000 tpy Rare Earths facility that primarily utilizes monazite as its feed-stock.

Thorium is a companion element to Monazite. Monazite runs at +50% REE and about 7% Th. So if you processed 50,000 tons of monazite you would get about 3,500 tpy of Th. However, monazite would not be the only feed-stock. You would use many other mineralizations. like apatite running at 3% REE and .002% Th (but with lots of heavy REE). So it would be a mix and tend toward the 5,000 tpy range.